Senamiestis (Old Town) of Kaunas | True Lithuania
True Lithuania

Senamiestis (Old Town) of Kaunas

Surrounded by rivers from three sides the medieval Old Town of Kaunas is located next to the confluence of two major rivers: Neris and Nemunas. This confluence, once important for trade, is still guarded by a tower of Kaunas castle (14th century) that you can climb witnessing minor exhibits.

Kaunas castle tower. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

Not far south from the tower lies the Rotušės (City Hall) square, the heart of the city and the location for any celebrations, be it the annual Hanseatic days that remember history of Kaunas as a trade center in era when the Hanseatic Union dominated the Baltic trade, or the Christmas market, or military parades in the days-gone-by.

In the center of the square stands the City Hall with a 53 m tall tower (1780). Nowadays it is used for registering civil marriages.

Rotušės square from a public terrace on Jesuit monastery roof in December. City Hall and the annual ingenious Christmas tree in the foreground; Seminary and Kaunas castle in the background. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

Marriages are also common in the five churches that surround the square so every summer you can see many newlywed couples here. The tallest spire is that of Ascension Church that is almost universally referred to as Vytautas church after the Grand Duke who commissioned it in 1399. This oldest building of Kaunas lies to the south of the Rotušės Square next to a gothic residential building known as Perkūnas house.

The churches of the square well represent every major pre-1800 architectural style. The southern flank is dominated by the Baroque Jesuit church (1720) and monastery with a summer terrace on top. West of the square behind historic palaces stands another large gothic church dedicated to Saint George (1490s) and a nicely repaired Renaissance priest seminary palace with its own Holy Trinity church (1634). Beyond them, there is a Santakos (Confluence) park at the point where Lithuania's two largest rivers converge.

Medieval St. George church in the Kaunas Old Town . ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

There are many other nice old houses and palaces near the square, some of them housing mediocre museums (dedicated to pharmacy, Lithuanian literature, ceramics and sport). Visit them if you are interested in a particular field (e.g. Sports museum may enthrall a collector with its plethora of historical medals and cups - but bore many others). The most modern museum there is the Basketball Museum, following the glories of the Lithuania's national sport.

To the east of the square is the red brick Kaunas Cathedral that is the largest gothic building in Lithuania.

Kaunas Cathedral at the northeast corner of Rotušės square has a gothic exterior but a baroque interior. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

The main Vilniaus street beside the Cathedral leads eastwards from the Rotušės square towards the New Town. Today it is the most important street of Kaunas with many restaurants available in its old authentic buildings. Going east on Vilnius street you pass the dilapidated Baroque God's Body church facade (unfortunately, its three towers and the interior was entirely destroyed by the Soviets and only a single room now is left for celebrating mass in what effectively became a multi-storey building).

Vilniaus street view towards Rotušės square (towers of the Jesuit church are visible in the background). ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

After passing the underground passage there is the President's residence of interwar Lithuania with a small park. Now it hosts extensive year-long temporary exhibitions.

In a seemingly ordinary courtyard at the end of Vilniaus street,  a gothic Saint Gertrude church is located. This meticulous small church dates to 1480.

St. Gertrude church visible from a calm J. Gruodžio street. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

Smaller and less busy streets parallel to the Vilniaus street are also a great place to stroll and watch the Old Town of Kaunas which suffered less of the post-war Soviet destruction than its counterpart in Vilnius and therefore is more intact. The Folk musical instrument museum located at Kurpių street has a nice array of Lithuanian traditional instruments (no on-demand audio, however).

Nemunas embankment with its modest Lutheran church (1683), gothic buildings and views over Aleksotas is another alternative.

Wide Šv. Gertrūdos and Šauklių street in the north are where the lowland Old Town gives way to Žaliakalnis hill. The 15th century St. Nicholas church and former Benedictine nunnery located there are however still a part of a downtown, its cute octagonal tower joining the ensemble of Kaunas gothic buildings.

Map of Senamiestis (Old Town) of Kaunas.

Article written by Augustinas Žemaitis

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  1. Kaunas Christmas Markets:

    There is Christmas Markets in Kaunas City Hall square.
    Usually, they open in mid-December.
    When you visit Kaunas in Christmas time, please don’t miss it.

  2. Very Very and captivating…..a visit promises to be a very promising one.Absolutely fascinating.The Old churches and the the town squares speak a lot……they are not mute……… if only one has the patience of listening to them.So very touching and the people would be warm i WONDER……

  3. We are going to Kanus for weekend 1- 4 Dec 2017
    Is there any thing on or something to see then

    proberly be there before christmas market as stated above
    Any advise would be good
    cheers chris

    • If you are flying into Kaunas catch the 29 bus waiting for you as you come off the plane. There is only the one bus and will get you to the city centre get off by freedom Avenue.
      Stay at the Kaunas hotel which is on Freedom Avenue. Great restaurants and bars on this great street. Some Road works going on but nothing to worry about.
      You can walk from Freedom Avenue to the Old Town. Oh so beautiful and doesn’t break the bank.
      Robert – frequent visitor to Kaunas Vilnius and Duiskininkai.

  4. Ola…sou filho de Lituano , meu Pai veio para o Brasil entre 1927/1929 ,nasceu em Kaunas e foi Batizado na Igreja de Santa Cruz , seus irmao tambem , vieram para o Brasil Meu avo e avo e meu Pai e mais 1 irma e 2 irmaos , pelo que me lembro meu Pai falava que eram em muitos irmaos ,quem sabe pode ter algum vivo ai na Lituania Kaunas . Meu nome Luiz Carlos Linkevieius , meu Pai Alexandre Linkevicius ( 1922 ) meus avos Juozas Linkevicius (1883) e Pranes Kreivytes (1885)

  5. One of the most interesting architectural monument of Kaunas old town is Kauno Pilis

  6. We visited Kaunas in October 2019.
    Very beautiful medieval old town, with many churches and the Castle at the confluence of the Neris and Nemunas rivers has spectacular views

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