True Lithuania

Geography of Lithuania

Map of Lithuania.

Main facts

Population: ~3 000 000
Area: 65 300 sq. km
Population density: 46 people per sq. km
Lowest point: -4 m at Nemunas Delta | Highest point: 294 m at Aukštojas hill

Regional groupings

Lithuania is grouped with Latvia and Estonia into Baltic States. All three Baltic States shares a recent (post-1795) history. They also have similar lowland geography, land area and (to some extent) population. Lithuania and Latvia are also similar culturally but Estonia is different.

Whether the Baltic States are part of Northern, Eastern or Central Europe is disputed and may be even controversial. Given the history most locals dislike to be associated with Russia and thus some also denounce the name "Eastern Europeans" (pointing that Lithuania is in the continent's geographic center). The official UN classification puts the Baltic States within the Northern Europe.

Territorial divisions

Lithuania is officially divided into 10 apskritys (counties, regions) which are subdivided into 60 municipalities. Most municipalities are further subdivided into elderates and these into elderaties.

More famous is, however, the traditional division of Lithuania into five ethnographic regions, each with its own culture and dialect. Those are Dzūkija, Aukštaitija, Sūduva (Suvalkija), Samogitia (Žemaitija) and Lithuania Minor (Mažoji Lietuva).

This traditional division is unofficial despite of many calls to make the regions official by erecting administrative units corresponding to them.

Comparisons

Lithuania is a lowland country (in fact the world's largest country to lack a location above 300 m).

In size, Lithuania is larger than such contries as Belgium, the Netherlands, Latvia and Estonia.

In population, Lithuania is larger than such countries as Latvia, Estonia and Slovenia.

Lithuania's population density is lower than that of Central/Western Europe yet higher than that of Nothern/Eastern Europe.

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Maps of Lithuania

Demographic maps

Ethnic map of Lithuania

Ethnic map of Lithuania. The minorities are largely concentrated in the east. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

See also: Ethnicities in Lithuania

Religious maps of Lithuania

Map of Lithuanian religious communities. In most municipalities 90%+ people are Roman Catholic. Significant religious minorities are concentrated in particular areas. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

Map of religious minority houses of worship in Lithuania. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

See also: Religions in Lithuania

Transportation maps

Lithuania road distance map

Lithuanian road network scheme with distances in kilometers marked. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Getting around Lithuania

Lithuania passenger rail map

Lithuanian passenger railway services scheme with times necessary to get between stations marked. The times are approximate but fast and slow trains in Lithuania do not deviate that much from each other, so you shouldn't expect the real travel time to be more than 20% longer or shorter than specified here. The train routes are normally quite long (100-400 km) so you would not need to change trains if going in one direction. This map is extensive, however, a few less-than-daily and suburban routes are not marked. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Getting around Lithuania

Lithuania air routes map

A map of available air routes and frequencies from Lithuania and the most popular ways to transfer further on.

More info: Getting to and from Lithuania

Political and economic maps

Countries richer and poorer than Lithuania

Countries richer than Lithuania (GNP per capita 2013) are green in this map while those poorer than Lithuania are red. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Economy of Lithuania

Map of Lithuanian visa policy

Citizens of the green countries do not need visa to Lithuania.
Citizens of the red countries need a Lithuanian visa.
Citizens of light green countries do not need visa if they have biometric passports.
2013. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Lithuanian Visas and Entry Requirements

Historical maps

Map of Grand Duchy of Lithuania expansion (13th-15th centuries)

Establishment an expansion of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, superimposed on modern European state boundaries. The areas enclosed by black dotted lines indicates regions both acquired and lost before 1430. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Grand Duchy of Lithuania (until 1569)

Map of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at its largest extent (~1630)

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at its highest territorial extent (1616-1657) superimposed on modern European state boundaries. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1795)

Map of Lithuanian National Revival (19th century)

Simplified map of the ethnic-linguistic situation of Lithuania ~1900. It could not depict the mixed areas, numerous ethno-linguistic enclaves, diglossia and dual identities that prevailed alongside ethno-linguistic boundaries. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: The rule of Russian Empire in Lithuania (1795-1918)

Map of Interwar Lithuania (1920s-1930s)

A map of interwar Lithuania with some new information for clarity. Klaipėda region and Vilnius region are marked.

More info: Interwar independent Lithuania

Decline of Lithuanian language (200-1990 AD)

The decline of Lithuanian language and other Baltic languages over the centuries, stemmed by Lithuanian and Latvian national revivals and independence. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Lithuanian language

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Maps of Lithuanian Regions

Lithuania has five traditional regions. Here we provide maps with best tourist sights in each of them.

Aukštaitija (northeastern Lithuania)

Tourist map of Aukštaitija, Lithuania.

More info on Aukštaitija
More info on Kaunas city

Samogitia (northwestern Lithuania)

Travel map of Samogitia (northwestern Lithuania).

More info on Samogitia

Dzūkija (southeastern Lithuania)

Travel map of Dzūkija (southeastern Lithuania), without the areas now in Belarus.

More info on Dzūkija
More info on Vilnius city

Lithuania Minor (southwestern Lithuania)

Travel map of Lithuania Minor (southwestern Lithuania), without the areas annexed by Russia in 1945.

More info on Lithuania Minor

Sudovia (southern Lithuania)

Travel map of Sudovia (southern Lithuania).

More info on Sudovia

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Vilnius tourist maps

English tourist maps of Vilnius city (Lithuania) and its neighborhoods.

Each neighborhood map has its main sights and activities marked.

Map of whole Vilnius

Map of the Vilnius boroughs. The more interesting historical boroughs are color-coded and each has a separate article dedicated to it on this website. The Soviet boroughs area all painted in a green shade. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

Senamiestis (Old Town) map

Tourist map of Senamiestis. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Vilnius Old Town (Senamiestis) sights

Naujamiestis (New Town) map

Tourist map of Naujamiestis. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Vilnius New Town (Naujamiestis) sights

Šnipiškės map

Tourist map of central and southern Šnipiškės. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Šnipiškės sights

Žvėrynas map

Map of Žvėrynas with places of interest marked. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Žvėrynas sights

Antakalnis map

Tourist map of the southern Antakalnis. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Antakalnis sights

Southern Vilnius map

mapof Rasos borough

Tourist map of Rasos borough. ©Augustinas Žemaitis, Open Street Map.

More info: Southern Vilnius sights

Vilnius suburbs and Soviet boroughs map

Tourist map of Vilnius suburbs and Soviet districts. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Vilnius suburbs sights, Soviet boroughs sights

Map of top 10 tourist sites

Map of the top 10 Vilnius tourist sights. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Weekend in Vilnius: Top 10 Sights & Experiences

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Kaunas tourist maps

Maps of Kaunas city and all its districts with the main sights and tourist activities marked.

Map of Kaunas boroughs

Map of Kaunas Boroughs. Boroughs in a red shade were initially developed for the 19th-century fortress. Soviet boroughs are shaded green.

Kaunas Old Town map

Map of Senamiestis (Old Town) of Kaunas.

More info: Kaunas Old Town sights

Kaunas New Town map

Map of Naujamiestis borough of Kaunas.

More info: Kaunas New Town sights

Žaliakalnis map

Map of Žaliakalnis. Parts of Ąžuolų kalnas (Western Žaliakalnis) are not included (see Old Town map for the art school and Zikaras home). ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Žaliakalnis sights

Kaunas fortress districts, Vilijampolė and Aleksotas map

Map of the Kaunas fortress, its districts (Freda, Šančiai, Panemunė) as well as the Aleksotas and Vilijampolė, Kaunas. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Kaunas fortress districts sights, Vilijampolė sights, Aleksotas sights

Kaunas suburbs and Soviet districts map

Map of the Kaunas suburbs and Soviet districts. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Kaunas Soviet districts sights, Kaunas suburbs sights

Top 10 tourist sites in Kaunas

Map of the top 10 Kaunas tourist sights. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Weekend in Kaunas: Top 10 Sights&Experiences

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Klaipėda tourist maps

Maps of Klaipėda city and all its districts with the main sights and tourist activities marked.

Klaipėda boroughs map

Map of Klaipėda boroughs.

Klaipėda Old Town map

Map of the Klaipėda Old Town. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Klaipėda Old Town sights

Klaipėda New Town map

Map of Klaipėda New Town. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Klaipėda New Town sights

Outer districts of Klaipėda map

Map of the outer districts of Klaipėda. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Seaside Klaipėda sights, Soviet boroughs of southern Klaipėda sights

Top 10 tourist sites in Klaipėda

Map of the top 10 Klaipėda tourist sights. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info: Weekend in Klaipėda: Top 10 Sights & Experiences

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Tourist maps of Lithuanian towns

Maps of key Lithuanian towns the main sights and tourist activities marked in English (ordered by alphabet).

Anykščiai town map

Map of Anykščiai, Lithuania.

More info on Anykščiai sights and activities

Birštonas resort town map

Map of Birštonas. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Birštonas sights and activities

Biržai town map

Map of Biržai. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info about Biržai sights and activities

Druskininkai resort town map

Map of Druskininkai. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Druskininkai sights and activities

Joniškis town map

Map of Joniškis. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Joniškis sights and activities

Kėdainiai town map

Map of Kėdainiai. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Kėdainiai sights and activities

Kretinga town map

Map of Kretinga.

More info on Kretinga sights and activities

Palanga resort town map

Map of Palanga. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Palanga sights and activities

Rokiškis town map

Map of Rokiškis. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Rokiškis sights and activities

Rumšiškės ethnographic museum map

Map of Rumšiškės ethnographic museum. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Rumšiškės museum sights and activities

Šilutė town map

Map of Šilutė. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Šilutė sights and activities

Šventoji resort map

Map of Šventoji, Lithuania. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Šventoji sights and activities

Telšiai town map

Map of Telšiai, Lithuania. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Telšiai sights and activities

Trakai town map

Map of Trakai. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Trakai sights and activities

Ukmergė town map

Map of Ukmergė. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Ukmergė sights and activities

Visaginas town map

Map of Visaginas, Lithuania. ©Augustinas Žemaitis.

More info on Visaginas sights and activities

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